Various locations. 2018 - ongoing
The Norman Foster Foundation is collaborating with BYD in the design and implementation of a new straddle-beam monorail system.
Since the end of the nineteenth century, and for most of the twentieth, monorails have captured the imagination and consistently featured in science fiction visions of the urban future. Aside from their Space Age imagery they are relatively inexpensive and quick to install when compared with the cost, time and disruption of making underground tunnels for subway systems. While there are dozens of urban monorail systems in operation or under construction today, surprisingly, these systems, just as with conventional urban rail systems, usually are conceived in isolation from other urban needs.
However, new technologies could change the reality and perception of monorail systems, especially if the supporting structures can accommodate other urban benefits such as elevated decks for cyclists and pedestrians, landscape and city farming. New generations of monorails could improve urban mobility by augmenting existing subway, rail and road networks. Because of their compact footprint and tight turning circle, they can be easily threaded through densely built-up areas. In the case of newly planned communities they open up an exciting range of opportunities in which the infrastructure of movement and the architecture of buildings can physically merge together.
The Norman Foster Foundation is collaborating with BYD to explore these and other possibilities in the context of three city typologies – the high-rise, high-density city or city core, the medium-rise, high-density city and the low-rise, low-density sprawling metropolis.